In their details, the judicial changes that Israel’s Parliament passed yesterday sound like something that liberals in the U.S. and democracy advocates around the world might support.
Israel reduced the power of its Supreme Court judges, who until now could use the vague standard of “reasonableness” to overturn policies enacted by government ministers. Going forward, democratically elected leaders will have more power, and unelected judges will have less. Conceptually, the policy is not so different from changes that many Democrats would like to implement in this country.
But the reaction from political progressives, moderates and even some conservatives — in Israel and elsewhere — has instead been one of extreme alarm. And that alarm stems from worries among many observers that Israel is using the mechanics of democracy to transform itself into an undemocratic country.
The government led by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (who’s known as Bibi) is the most right-wing in the country’s 75-year history, many observers say. Freed from judicial oversight, it will have the ability to push Israel further toward becoming a religiously conservative country. In the process, the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians could worsen.
Among the fears of Netanyahu’s critics:
Israel may build many more settlements in the West Bank, including on privately owned Palestinian land, making long-term peace impossible.
Ultra-Orthodox Jews engaged in religious study may have an easier time avoiding military service, creating a two-tier society even among Israelis.
Netanyahu may be able to appoint corrupt officials to top posts. The clash with the Supreme Court stems partly from its decision blocking Netanyahu’s appointment of Aryeh Deri — an ally who had been convicted of accepting bribes — to be a minister.
Netanyahu, facing his own corruption trial, may replace the attorney general now that the Supreme Court has been defanged. Netanyahu has denied wrongdoing and said he doesn’t plan to replace the attorney general.
Thousands of Israeli military reservists may follow through on their threats to abstain from training and service because of the overhaul, undermining national security.
As our colleague Isabel Kershner, who’s based in Jerusalem, told us: “The basic divide is between the more liberal, largely more secular Israelis who want a pluralistic country with a tolerant and open society and the religiously conservative and right-wing forces who make up Bibi’s current government.”
The Supreme Court has been an especially important body because Israel lacks a formal constitution. In other countries, a constitution can limit the powers of an elected government, including attempts to rig the political system to allow leaders to remain in power. In Israel, the court played that restraining role.
One paradox of the judicial overhaul is that it both strengthens Netanyahu’s government and is a sign of his own political weakness. He long opposed such an overhaul, while some far-right and religious parties supported it. But he now needs those parties to remain in power — and he may need to remain in power to stay out of prison.
“He looks like a weak prime minister who is being led by the hard-liners in his party and his coalition,” Isabel said. A Netanyahu biographer told David Remnick of The New Yorker that the mass protests and military disobedience suggest that Netanyahu has become Israel’s weakest prime minister.
Of course, the Israeli political center and left may be weaker yet, a reason Netanyahu remains in power.
More from Israel
The measure passed Israel’s 120-seat Parliament by a vote of 64-0, after opposition members walked out in protest.
The law includes only some of the planned changes. Netanyahu said lawmakers would delay voting on other proposals to allow for talks with the opposition.
Opposition leaders plan to ask the Supreme Court to rule on the new law. The court has not said whether it would take a case about its own powers.
The court has three choices, The Times’s Emily Bazelon writes: strike down the law, narrowly interpret it to limit its impact or avoid any decision by refusing to hear petitions asking to void it.
Israelis blocked roads in protest. In Tel Aviv, police officers unleashed a water cannon; in central Israel, a car drove into a demonstration on a highway, injuring three protesters.
Critics questioned whether Netanyahu can manage the aftermath of such a divisive moment.
President Biden chastised Netanyahu over the vote, but his defense of democracy can be situational.
Many businesses shut in protest yesterday. Doctors went on strike today in much of the country, and Israel’s largest labor union is considering a general strike. Follow our updates.
THE LATEST NEWS
War in Ukraine
Russian drones hit a Ukrainian town across the Danube River from Romania, striking daringly close to a NATO country. The attack threatened one of the few remaining channels for Ukraine’s food exports.
Ukrainian families are waiting to bury soldiers killed in the war until the country builds a cemetery to honor them.
The Justice Department sued Texas over a floating barrier in the Rio Grande, installed to keep migrants from swimming across the border.
President Biden will establish a national monument today to Emmett Till, the Black teenager who was murdered in the 1950s.
The I.R.S. will stop surprise visits to homes and businesses after a rise in threats to agents.
A truck driver who assaulted a police officer with a flagpole during the Jan. 6 attack was sentenced to four years in prison.
Technology companies are laying off workers and giving up offices in New York City.
In East Ramapo, 30 miles north of the city, the water at every school is unsafe to drink.
Other Big Stories
A former minister was charged in the killing of an 8-year-old Pennsylvania girl who disappeared on her way to Bible school in 1975.
The roof of a middle-school gym in China collapsed during a volleyball practice, killing at least 10 girls.
A chef for the Obama family was found dead after struggling while paddleboarding near their house on Martha’s Vineyard. The Obamas weren’t at the home.
An astrophysicist at Harvard says material recovered from the seafloor could be from an alien spacecraft. His peers are skeptical.
Vladimir Putin should understand that China’s loyalties have a history of crumbling when a partner’s usefulness wanes, Sergey Radchenko argues.
Here are columns by Jamelle Bouie on No Labels and Michelle Goldberg on “Barbie” and Taylor Swift.
Chaotic fun: At a monthly party in New York, guests bring a Tinder match they’ve never met. What could go wrong?
“The younger person’s version of Goop”: Sporty & Rich started as an Instagram account. It’s about to open a New York store.
Ick factor: It tastes like any other beer, but it’s brewed with wastewater.
Lives Lived: Reeves Callaway made high-performance automobiles for deep-pocketed customers that challenged Porsche and Ferrari, reaching speeds of 250 miles per hour. Callaway died at 75.
WOMEN’S WORLD CUP
Linda Caicedo, the 18-year-old who scored the winning goal in Colombia’s 2-0 victory over South Korea, is in her third World Cup in a year after playing in the under-20 and under-17 tournaments.
The Philippines won its first World Cup game ever with its first World Cup goal, defeating the co-host New Zealand, 1-0.
Three points for a win and one for a tie: Here’s how teams can advance to the round of 16.
OTHER SPORTS NEWS
Settling in: Aaron Rodgers, the Jets quarterback, has yet to throw a pass but is soaking up New York culture.
Another gambling penalty: A Denver Broncos defensive tackle, Eyioma Uwazurike, was suspended indefinitely for betting on N.F.L. games, joining a succession of players penalized this off-season for violating the league’s gambling policy.
ARTS AND IDEAS
A family of shark hunters: “The Shark Is Broken,” a comedy based on the troubled production of the 1975 film “Jaws,” comes to Broadway next month. The one-act play centers on the squabbling of the film’s stars, notably Robert Shaw, the acclaimed British actor who played the shark hunter Quint. If the Quint onstage appears to be a dead ringer for the original, it’s for good reason: Shaw’s son Ian plays him.
More on culture
Expect more reruns, reality TV and game shows during the Hollywood strikes.
“If I never have to see another piece of ‘Barbie’ pink merch,” the Times fashion critic Vanessa Friedman writes, “I will be happy.”
Nu metal — popularized by bands like Korn and Limp Bizkit in the late 1990s — has found a second life with younger listeners.
THE MORNING RECOMMENDS …
Stir-fry Thai basil chicken in just 15 minutes.
Stop your teen from gaming all night.
Freshen up your look with Wirecutter’s picks for the best white sneakers.
Watch “Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again” on TV tonight.
Here is today’s Spelling Bee. Yesterday’s pangram was rainbow. You can now play Bees from previous days. See them here.
And here are today’s Mini Crossword, Wordle and Sudoku.
Thanks for spending part of your morning with The Times. See you tomorrow.
P.S. Liz Johnstone is joining The Times as the first news director for the Politics desk.
Sign up here to get this newsletter in your inbox. Reach our team at [email protected].
David Leonhardt writes The Morning, The Times’s flagship daily newsletter. He has previously been an Op-Ed columnist, Washington bureau chief, co-host of “The Argument” podcast, founding editor of The Upshot section and a staff writer for The Times Magazine. In 2011, he received the Pulitzer Prize for commentary. More about David Leonhardt
Ian Prasad Philbrick is a writer for The Morning newsletter. More about Ian Prasad Philbrick
Source: Read Full Article