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China’s People’s Liberation Army is understood to have annexed more than 150 hectares along the Himalayan border between the two nations. Jeevan Bahadur Shahi, the leader of the opposition Nepali Congress Party, says Chinese troops have targeted five districts since May.
During the latest military intervention, Beijing is accused of taking control of around 30 hectares of Nepalese territory in the tiny village of Limi Valley, the Daily Telegraph reports.
Mr Shahi said Chinese forces also built nine concrete structures, including a military base, less than one mile inside Nepalese territory.
He said: “Why should China come over into Nepal when China is already sixty times the size of our small country?”
China and the Nepalese government have denied the claims.
In June, a report by the Nepalese Surveying and Mapping Department, also alleged China had attempted to redraw the map and its border with Nepal.
The study said Beijing had made a move to manipulate the course of a nearby river in order to claim an additional 33 hectares of land.
Mr Shahi warned locals are helpless to do anything due to the economic dependency on neighbouring China.
He added: “The local people are very scared, particularly because they previously depended on Chinese traders to buy commodities like rice, bread and salt.
“They are worried that if they raise their voices on the issue then it will disturb everything for them.”
China’s foreign ministry spokesman, Wang Wenbin, said claims Beijing had made a military advancement into Nepal were “completely unfounded”.
Nepal’s foreign Ministry spokeswomen, Sewa Lamsal added: “It is not true that China has encroached our land and had constructed buildings there.”
Ties between Nepal and China have strengthened in recent years and in 2019, President Xi Jinping became the first Chinese leader to visit Nepal since Jiang Zemin in 1996.
Landlocked Nepal, is however, trapped in a dispute between China and India.
Tensions between Beijing and Delhi continue to erupt at the disputed Himalayan mountain border.
Troops continue to be deployed by both sides to the Line of Actual Control – the de facto border in the Ladakh region.
On June 15, Indian and Chinese troops brawled without firearms for several hours resulting in the deaths of more than 50 soldiers.
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Nepal also has a restrained border relationship with India amid ongoing talks over who owns regions high in the Himalayas.
Nepal and India share an open border of around 1,168 miles.
Maps have been drawn covering around 98 percent of the boundary, with disputes concerning the Lipulekh pass, Kalapani and Limpiyadhura territories.
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